Jiu-jitsu match elevates myocardial work and causes post-exercise hypotension in master category athletes

Tharciano Luiz Teixeira Braga da Silva, André Luiz Silva Santos, Thincia Luandes Mota Barreto, Fabricio Nunes Macedo, Vitor Ulisses de Melo, Michael Nadson Santos Santana, Roger de Moraes, Marcelo Mendonça Mota


Jiu-jitsu is a sport that involves different techniques to lead the opponent to submission, combats are characterized by intermittent efforts with changes in important cardiovascular variables. Thus, the aim was to evaluate the acute effects of a simulated jiu-jitsu match on blood pressure (BP) and the double product (DP) of fighters in the master category. The heart rate (HR), BP, and DP of six experienced fighters were measured, before and after the protocol. The combat consisted of four six-minute sessions with intervals of three minutes for recovery and measurement of the variables. Measurements were taken every 15 minutes, after the end of the fight. An increase in systolic (SBP) and mean BP (MAP) was observed after the last session. After 30 minutes, there was a decrease in MAP and SBP, until the end of the protocol. Diastolic BP (DBP) decreased after 30 minutes, returning to baseline after 45 minutes post-combat. HR remained high until 30 minutes of recovery. Despite the increase greater than 280% of the DP, verified immediately after the fight, 15 minutes of recovery was sufficient for this index to return to baseline values. The study shows that a jiu-jitsu match causes a significant increase in SBP and MAP, HR and PD with subsequent arterial hypotension.

Keywords: cardiovascular physiological phenomena, blood pressure, martial arts.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i3.4014


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