Multi-components exercise associated with dual task: Effects on physical functional performance and mobility of the older adults

Janine Carvalho Valentino Camargos, Milena Razuk, Kathisuellen Reis Assis, Alex Tomé, Natalia Madalena Rinaldi

Resumo


Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the effect of dual task in a training protocol in the components of physical Functional Performance and mobility of older adults Methods: Thirty older adults (twenty-three female and seven males; 66.48 ±3.85 years) were distributed into three randomized groups: Multi-component physical activity group (MC), Dual Task Group (DT) and Control Group (CG). Participants were assessed before training and after 12 weeks of training with the following tests: Mini Mental State Examination, for evaluation of cognitive functions, AAHPERD test battery - American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, for evaluation of five physical Functional Performance components, Timed Up and Go, for evaluation of functional mobility and The Baecke Questionnaire to assess the level of physical activity. Both MC and DT groups performed the same multi-components training protocol, however DT group performed simultaneously with a second cognitive task. Results: The groups that performed the training protocol improved some aspects of physical Functional Performance and mobility compared to the CG (p < 0.01). No difference was found between the DT and MC groups. Conclusion: Performing two simultaneous tasks in a training protocol does not seem to influence the functional capacity and mobility.

Keywords: dual task training, multi-components training, physical functional performance


Texto completo:

HTML PDF ENGLISH PDF PORTUGUÊS

Referências


Macena WG, Hermano LO, Costa TC. Alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do envelhecimento. Rev Mosaicum 2018;27:223-36.

Nascimento CM, Ingles M, Salvador-Pascual A, Cominetti MR, Gomez CMC, Viña J. Sarcopenia, frailty and their prevention by exercise. Free Radic Biol Med 2018;132:42-9. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.08.035

Tomás MT, Galán-Mercant A, Carnero EA, Fernandes B. Functional capacity and levels of physical activity in aging: A 3-year follow-up. Front Med 2017;9(4):244. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2017.00244

Carmona JJ, Michan S. Biology of healthy aging and longevity. Rev Invest Clin 2016;68(1):7-16.

Berlezi EM, Farias AM, Dallazen F, Oliveira KR, Pillatt AP, Fortes CK. Analysis of the functional capacity of elderly residents of communities with a rapid population aging rate. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol 2016;19(4):643-52. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-98232016019.150156

Clark BA. Tests for fitness in older adults: AAHPERD Fitness Task Force. Joperd 1989;60(3):66-71. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1989.10603976

Scarabottolo CC, Garcia JJR, Gobbo LA, Alves MJ, Ferreira AD, Zanuto EAC et al. Influence of physical exercise on the functional capacity in institutionalized elderly. Rev Bras Med Esporte 2017;23(3):200-3. https://doi.org/10.1590/1517-869220172303150175

Lin SI, Lee HC, Chang KC, Yang YC, Tsauo JY. Functional mobility and its contributing factors for older adults in different cities in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc 2017;116(2):72-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2016.01.011

Ferreira CB, Teixeira PDS, Alves dos Santos G, et al. Effects of a 12-week exercise training program on physical function in institutionalized frail elderly. J Aging Res 2018;2018:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7218102

Pereira AMG, Paulo TRS, Santos SFS. Efeito do exercício físico na capacidade funcional e atividade da vida diária em idosos: revisão sistemática. ACTA Brasileira do Movimento Humano 2015;5(2):79-95.

Nelson ME , Rejeski WJ, Blair SN, Duncan PW, Juiz JO, Rei AC, et al. Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007;39(8):1435-45. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e3180616aa2

Granacher U, Hortobágyi T. Exercise to improve mobility in healthy aging. Sports Med 2015;45:1625-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0405-9

Pauli J, Souza LS, Zago AS, Gobbi S. Influência de 12 anos de prática de atividade física regular em programa supervisionado para idosos. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2009;11(3):255-60. https://doi.org/10.5007/19800037.2009v11n3p255

Yokoyama H, Okazaki K, Imai D, Yamashina Y, Takeda R, Naghavi N et al. The effect of cognitive-motor dual-task training on cognitive function and plasma amyloid beta peptide 42/40 ratio in healthy Older adults persons: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatr 2015;15(60):2-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-015-0058-4

Brustio PR , Rabaglietti E, Formica S , Liubicich ME. Dual-task training in older adults: The effect of additional motor tasks on mobility performance. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018;75:119-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.12.003

Gregory MA, Gill DP, Zou G, Liu-Ambrose T, Shigematsu R, Fitzgerald C, et al. Group-based exercise combined with dual-task training improves gait but not vascular health in active older adults without dementia. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2016;63:18-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2015.11.008

Silsupadol P , Shumway-Cook A , Lugade V , Van DP , Chou LS , Mayr U. Effects of single-task versus dual-task training on balance performance in older adults: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90(3):381-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.09.559

Melo DM, Barbosa AJG. O uso do Mini-Exame do Estado Mental em pesquisas com idosos no Brasil: uma revisão sistemática. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2015;20(12):3865-76. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152012.06032015

Benedetti TRB, Mazo GZ, Goncalves, LHT. Bateria de testes da AAHPERD: adaptação para os institucionalizados. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2014;16(1):1-14. https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2014v16n1p1

Podsiadlo D, Richardson S. The timed “Up & Go”: a test of basic functional mobility for frail older adults’ persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 1991;39(2):142-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1991.tb01616.x

Voorrips LE , Ravelli AC , Dongelmans PC , Deurenberg P , Van SWA. A physical activity questionnaire for the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1991;23(8):974-9.

Matthews A, Garry MI, Martin F, Summers J. Neural correlates of performance trade-offs and dual-task interference in bimanual coordination: an ERP investigation. Neurosci Lett 2006;400(1):172-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2006.02.043

Ghai S, Ghai I, Effenberg AO. Effects of dual tasks and dual-task training on postural stability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Interv Aging 2017;12:557-577. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S125201

Carvalho J, Marques E , Soares JM , Mota J . Isokinetic strength benefits after 24 weeks of multicomponent exercise training and combined exercise training in older adults. Aging Clin Exp Res 2010;229(1):63-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03324817

Varela S, Ayan C , Cancela JM , Martin V . Effects of two different intensities of aerobic exercise on elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized pilot study. Clin Rehabil 2012;26(5):442-50. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215511425835

Menezes AV, Aguiar AS, Alves EF, Quadros LB, Bezerra PP. Efetividade de uma intervenção fisioterapêutica cognitivo-motora em idosos institucionalizados com comprometimento cognitivo leve e demência leve. Ciênc Saúde Colet 2016;21(11):3467-2016. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152111.17892015

Lorca NM, Lepe LM, Diaz NVP, Araya OE. Efectos de un programa de ejercicios para evaluar las capacidades funcionales y el balance de un grupo de adultos mayores independientes sedentarios que viven en la comunidad. Salud Uninorte. 2011;27(2):185-97.

Wang RY, Wang YL, Cheng FY, Chao YH, Chen CL, Yang YR. Effects of combined exercise on gait variability in community-dwelling older adults. Effects of combined exercise on gait variability in community-dwelling older adults. Age Dordr 2015;37(3):40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-015-9780-2

Poranen CT, Von BMB, Rantakokko M, Portegijs E, Eronen J, Kauppinen M, et al. Executive function and life-space mobility in old age. Aging Clin Exp Res 2018;30(2):145-151. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s40520-017-0762-3




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i2.3647

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.