Acute effect of different stretching methods in classical dancer children

Renata Nascimento, Mariana Desiree, Estevão Rios Monteiro, Aline Ribeiro, Natália Reis, Leandro Sant'Ana, Jeferson Vianna, Jefferson Novaes, Amanda Brown



Introduction: Dancers use to do stretching exercises to increase flexibility in the preparation and completion of training and activities. The purpose of the present study was to compare two methods of passive stretching of hip flexion in classical dancer children. Methods: Twenty-one female’s children were recruited for the study, and each participant visited the laboratory on two occasions during three-days at least twenty-four hours between visits. A randomized within-subject design used to investigate the effects of three conditions: control (CG), static stretching (SS), and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) applied to the posterior thigh, unilaterally, on passive hip flexion (HF) with 60-seconds. Results: There were no statistical differences for CG (F = 0.716; p = 0.552), SS (F = 0.536; p = 0.662) and PNF (F = 1.713; p = 0.191). Conclusion: The results found in the present study indicate that different stretching methods can promote increases in HF and PROM without difference between methods.

Keywords: flexibility, dancing, youngster.

Texto completo:



Dantas EHM. Flexibilidade: Alongamento e flexionamento. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Shape; 1999.

Critchfield B. Stretching for dancers. International Association for Dance Medicine and Science 2011;1-7.

Santos D, Mendes L, Alves M, Bonela A, Paz G, Silva J et al. Comparison of different flexibility training methods and specific warm-up on repetition maximum volume in lower limb exercises with female jazz dancers. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise 2018;13(1):19-28.

Bradley PS, Olsen PD, Portas MD. The effect of static, ballistic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res 2007;21(1):223-36.

ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine. The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Position stand. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30(6):975-91.

ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 6th ed. Lippincott: Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2011;43(7):1334-59.

Leite TB, Costa PB, Leite RD, Novaes JS, Fleck SJ, Simão R. Effects of different number of sets of resistance training on flexibility. Int J Exerc Sci 2017;10(3):354-64.

Behm DG, Chaouachi A. A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 2011;111:2633-51.

Behm DG, Blazevich AJ, Kay AD, McHugh M. Acute effects of muscle stretching on physical performance, range of motion, and injury incidence in healthy active individuals: a systematic review. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2016;41:1-11.

Chaouachi A, Padulo J, Kasmi S, Othmen AB Chatra M, Behm DG. Unilateral static and dynamic hamstrings stretching increases contralateral hip flexion range of motion. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2017;37:23-29.

Funk DC, Swank AM, Mikla BM, Fagan TA, Farr Bk. Impact of prior exercise on hamstring flexibility: a comparison of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and static stretching. J Strength Cond Res 2003;17:489-92.<0489:iopeoh>;2

Kay AD, Husbands-Beasley J, Blazevich AJ. Effects of contra-relax, static stretching, and isometric contraction on muscle-tendon mechanics. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2015;47:2181-90.

Nelson AG, Guillory IK, Cornwell A, Kokkonen J. Inhibition of maximal voluntary isokinetic torque production following stretching is velocity specific. J Strength Cod Res 2001;15:241-6.

Martins A, Paz A, Vigário P, Costa e Silva G, Maia M, Miranda H. Static stretching volume is associated with maximal repetitions performance. JEPOnline 2014;17:24-33.

Paz GA, Maia MF, Lima VP, Oliveira CG, Bezerra E, Simão R, Miranda H. Maximal exercise performance and electromyography responses after antagonist neuromuscular proprioceptive facilitation: A pilot study. JEP Online 2012;15:60-67.

Gomes TM, Simão R, Marques MC, Costa PB, Silva Novaes J. Acute effects of two different stretching methods on local muscular endurance performance. J Strength Cond Res 2011;25:745-52.

Behm DG, Button DC, Butt JC. Factors affecting force loss with prolonged stretching. Can J Appl Physiol 2001;26:261-72.

Fowles JR, Sale DG, MacDougall JD. Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantar flexors. J Appl Physiol 2000;89:1179-88.

Ogura Y, Miyahara Y, Naito H, Katamoto S, Aoki J. Duration of static stretching influences muscle force production in hamstring muscles. J Strength Cond Res 2007;21:788-92.

Power K, Behm D, Cahill F, Carroll M, Young W. An acute bout of static stretching: effects on force and jump performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2004;36:1389-96.

Costa e Silva G, Di Masi F, Paixão A, Bentes CM, Sá M, Miranda H, Simão R, Novaes J. Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching and static stretching on cardiovascular responses. JEPOnline 2013;16:117-125.

Best TM. Muscle-tendon injuries in young athletes. Clin Sports Med 1995;14:669-86.

Herbert R, Gabriel M. Effects of stretching before and after exercise on muscle soreness and risk of injury: Systematic review. Br Med J 2002;325:1-5.

Shellock FG, Prentice WE. Warming-up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sports-related injuries. Sports Med 1995;2:267-78.

Jesus CK, Dantas MF. Proposals choreographic jazz dance in the city Porto Alegre. Arq Mov 2012;8(2):31-43.

Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang A-G, Buchner A. G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social and biomedical sciences. Behav Res Methods 2007;39:175-91.

Beck TW. The importance of a priori sample size estimation in strength and conditioning research. J Strength Cond Res 2013;27:2323-37.

Shepard RJ. PARQ, Canadian Home Fitness Test and exercise screening alternatives. Sports Med 1988;5:185-195.

Škarabot J, Beardsley C, Stirn I. Comparing the effects of self-myofascial release with static stretching on ankle range-of-motion in adolescent athletes. Int J Sports Phys Ther 2015;10(2):203-12.

Sharman MJ, Cresswell AG, Rjek S. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching: mechanisms and clinical applications. Sports Med 2006;36:929-39.

Norkin CC, White DJ. Measurement of joint motion: A guide to goniometry. London: FA Davis; 2009.

Moreside J, McGill S. Quantifying normal 3D hip ROM in healthy young adult males with clinical and laboratory tools: hip mobility restrictions appear to be plane-specific. Clin Biomech 2011;26:824-9.

Rhea M. Determining the magnitude of treatment effects in strength training research through the use of the effect size. J Strength Cond Res 2004;18:918-20.

Rubini EC, Souza AC, Melo ML, Bacurau RF, Cabral LF, Farinatti PT. Immediate effect of static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on hip adductor flexibility in female ballet dancers. J Dance Med Sci 2011;15(4):177-81.

Melo RS, Pereira RT, Cunha, IM. Comparação do efeito agudo da deformação muscular nas técnicas de alongamento estático e por facilitação neuromuscular proprioceptiva. Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício 2013;7(37):13-20.

Wanderley D, Lemos A, Moretti E, Barros MMMB, Velença MM, Oliveira DA. Efficacy of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation compared to other stretching modalities in range of motion gain in Young healthy adults: a systematic review. Physiother Theory Pract 2018;23:1-21.

Tirlonil AT, Belchior ACG, Carvalho PTC, Reis FA. Efeito de diferentes tempos de alongamento na flexibilidade da musculatura posterior da coxa. Fisioter Pesqui 2008;15(1):47-52.

Decoster LC, Cleland J, Altieri C, Russell P. The effects of hamstring stretching on range of motion: a systematic literature review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2005;35(6):377-87.

Medeiros DM, Martini TF. Chronic Effect of different types of stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion: systematic review and meta-analysis. Foot (Edinb) 2017;34:28-35.

Gama ZAS, Medeiros AS, Dantas AVR, Souza TO. Influência da frequência de alongamento utilizando facilitação neuromuscular proprioceptiva na flexibilidade dos músculos isquiotibiais. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 2007;13(1):33-8.

Gama ZAS, Dantas AVR, Souza TO. Influência do intervalo de tempo entre as sessões de alongamento no ganho de flexibilidade dos isquiotibiais. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 2009;15(2):110-14.

Bandy WD, Irion JM, Briggler M. The effect of time and frequency of static stretching on flexibility of the hamstring muscle. Phys Ther 1997;77(10):1090-7.

Monteiro ER, Vigotsky AD, Novaes JDS, Škarabot J. Acute effects of different anterior thigh self-massage on hip range-of-motion in trained men. Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018;13(1):104-13.

Bishop D. Warm up I: potential mechanisms and the effects of passive warm-up on exercise performance. Sports Med 2003;33(6):439-54.

Young WB, Behm DG. Should static stretching be used during a warm-up for strength and activities? J Strength Cond Res 2002;24(6):33-7.



  • Não há apontamentos.