Déficits vestibulares e vertigem posicional paroxística benigna em adultos jovens assintomáticos: um estudo transversal

Nádia de Sousa Sales, Maria de Fátima Passos Sérvulo, Diandra Martins e Silva, Kaline Rocha, Silmar Teixeira, Marco Orsini, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Sergio Nader, Adalgiza Mafra Moreno, Janaína de Moraes Silva, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos

Resumo


Introdução: O equilíbrio corporal pode ser afetado por déficits visuais, proprioceptivos e/ou vestibulares centrais ou periféricas. Dentre as afecções vestibulares periféricos, a Vertigem Postural Paroxística Benigna apresenta grande interesse em pesquisas que buscam responder suas apresentações clínicas em adultos e sua associação com a integralidade dos demais sistemas corporais. Objetivo: Analisar as respostas de adultos jovens assintomáticos submetidos à semiologia do sistema vestibular. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo, transversal analítico e descritivo, onde foram utilizados os testes de equilíbrio estático, dinâmico e a manobra de Dix-Hallpike, com amostra de 30 voluntários assintomáticos recrutados em uma instituição de ensino superior do município de Parnaíba/PI. Resultados: O teste de apoio unipodal (1,87 ± 0,346) foi negativo (p < 0,001) e no teste de Fukuda (1,20 ± 0,407) grande parte tiveram resultados positivos (p < 0,001). Os testes de Romberg (2,00 ± 0,000), Romberg-Barré (1,50 ± 0,509) e Babinski-Weil (1,37 ± 0,490) não foram significantes (p = 0,001). Para a Manobra de Dix-Hallpike observamos que os movimentos de sedestação para decúbito dorsal esquerdo e de decúbito dorsal para sedestação direito e esquerdo foram significativos (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Os adultos jovens assintomáticos podem apresentar resultados positivos em teste de equilíbrio e sintomas na manobra de Dix-Hallpike, confirmando a Vertigem Postural Paroxística Benigna.

Palavras-chave: doenças vestibulares, equilíbrio postural, testes de função vestibular.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/fb.v20i2.2733

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