A influência da Fisioterapia na redução da intensidade da dor e no efeito global percebido de pacientes com dores musculoesqueléticas

Aline Oliveira Chaves, Renato Santos Almeida, Leticia Amaral Corrêa, Felipe José Jandre dos Reis, Ney Armando Mello Meziat-Filho, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira

Resumo


A melhora clínica do paciente com dores musculoesqueléticas (DME) deve ser monitorada em conjunto com a percepção do paciente sobre o efeito do tratamento, apesar da falta de informação sobre esse tema. Objetivo: Analisar a influência do tratamento fisioterápico na redução da intensidade da dor e no efeito global percebido de pacientes com DME. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo observacional analítico retrospectivo em 61 pacientes com DME que responderam uma questão relacionada à intensidade de dor e outra questão sobre o efeito global percebido do tratamento fisioterápico. A intensidade de dor medida após 10 meses de acompanhamento foi comparada aos valores iniciais. Resultados: Os participantes eram predominantemente mulheres (83,3%) adultas (média de idade de 59,6 anos). A média de intensidade da dor na avaliação inicial foi de 6,4 (± 2,7), com média de tempo de dor de 20,3 meses. A média de intensidade de dor após o contato telefônico foi de 4,37 (± 3,9). A análise do efeito global percebido evidenciou melhora na maioria dos participantes (16,7% completamente recuperados; 39,7% melhoraram muito, 26,7% melhoraram pouco). Conclusão: Pacientes com DME apresentaram redução da intensidade da dor e melhora no efeito global percebido após um programa de Fisioterapia.

Palavras-chave: fisioterapia, dor crônica, dor musculoesquelética, intensidade de dor, efeito global percebido.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/fb.v20i2.2226

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