Danos psíquicos durante pandemia por COVID-19 no Brasil

Marco Orsini, Jacqueline Stephanie Fernandes do Nascimento, Marco Antonio Alves Azizi, Carlos Henrique Melo Reis, Nicolle dos Santos Moraes Nunes, Janie Kelly Fernandes do Nascimento, Julia Fernandes Eigenheer, Adalgiza Mafra Moreno, Mauricio de Sant´Anna Jr, Marco Antonio Araújo Leite, Victor Hugo Bastos, Silmar Teixeira, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Cláudia Mendonça Cardoso

Resumo


Introdução: Em 11 de março de 2020 a COVID-19 foi caracterizada pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) como uma pandemia atrelada a diversos transtornos psíquicos, relacionados à impotência, ao medo, ao pânico e, principalmente, à falta de organização política e de liderança. Métodos: A proposta do presente artigo será, com base na literatura vigente, atualizar e produzir discussões provocativas acerca do atual contexto de pandemia. Para tal, foi realizada uma busca nas principais bases de dados Lilacs, Bireme e Pubmed, nos idiomas português e inglês, de artigos compreendidos no ano vigente. A escolha ocorreu de forma aleatória, obviamente, seguindo uma linha de reflexão. As palavras-chave pesquisadas foram: COVID-19, saúde mental, pandemia, SARS-COVID-19, Brasil. Discussão: Além dos males à integridade física, a COVID-19 também traz prejuízos desastrosos à saúde mental da população. O isolamento social é a principal medida estabelecida até o momento para retardar a propagação da COVID-19. Contudo, esse se relaciona à exacerbação de distúrbios psiquiátricos pré-existentes e ao desenvolvimento de novos quadros, sobretudo de depressão, ansiedade e estresse pós-traumático (todos relacionados ao aumento do risco de suicídio), além do aumento dos casos de violência doméstica. Conclusão: O prévio controle e prevenção da COVID-19 comporta-se como fator de proteção ou “alentecimento” contra problemas psicológicos de graus variados. Estudos evidenciaram que investir em educação em saúde a fim de se otimizar o conhecimento da população, no que se refere a COVID-19, auxilia no gerenciamento de comportamentos “otimistas”.

Palavras-chave: saúde mental, COVID-19, pandemia, Brasil.

 


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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/eb.v19i3.4256

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